Glossary | Climate Lexicon S

carbon-connect AG Climate Glossary with common technical terms, abbreviations and explanations on the topics of the environment, climate protection and CO2 compensation.

Swiss Electricity Mix

The Swiss Electricity Mix portraits which energy sources provide energy to Switzerland. The main column of the Swiss electricity mix is hydropower with over 55%, followed by uranium (38%), and renewable energies with just under 4%. Over 500 hydropower plants with around 160 storage lakes and about 1,000 smaller hydropower plants generate 34 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity per year, which amounts to almost 60% of the electricity produced in Switzerland. From an ecological point of view, the current Swiss electricity mix is extremely low in CO2 and is considered climate neutral, de facto.

Scope 1, Scope 2 & Scope 3

The GHG Protocol defines the principles of completeness, consistency, transparency, accuracy, and relevance to capture greenhouse gas emissions. Emissions are divided into so called scopes. Scope 1 covers all emissions directly caused by incineration. Scope 2 covers the emissions generated by purchased energy (electricity, district heating). Scope 3 covers emissions caused by purchased inputs and third-party services.

Social Sponsorship

Social Sponsorship means sponsoring money, or providing services and benefits by companies for the purpose of promoting social work. Social sponsoring is based on the principle of performance and compensation. The sponsor expects something in return, e.g. through getting his/her company’s image promoted.

Soil Temperature

The surface temperature is the temperature near the earth’s surface and is measured within the top 10 cm.


Stakeholder(s) denotes a group or person who has, or is affected, by a legitimate interest in the course or outcome of a process / project.